Here are the astronomical events occurring in the month of November: (All times are given in UTC format)
November 1: Mercury reaches its greatest elongation at 18.7 degrees West of the Sun. It will have a brightness at magnitude -0.5. This is the best time to see Mercury in 2014, for observers in the Northern Hemisphere.
November 18: Leonoid meteor shower will peak at this time. It is best seen in the Altantic region. The moon will be in a waning crescent phase, which means the Moon’s light will not obstruct the meteor shower.
November 20: Asteroid 3 Juno will occult a +7.4 magnitude star. It is best seen in North-eastern US and Eastern Canada.
November 27: Moon will have its farthest perigee of 2014 at 369,824 km at 23:12.
Here are the astronomical events occurring in the month of October: (All times are given in UTC format)
October 4: 1 Ceres passes 30′ north of Saturn.
October 6: Draconid Meteor shower, which is hard to predict due to a high variability of rates and timing, is not likely to be seen due to a Full moon.
October 8: A total lunar eclipse will occur at 10:56 UTC. It will be visible from the Pacific Rim. Here is an image that shows where the eclipse will be visible from. Anything east of the intense red shading, means that the Moon will set during the eclipse. Anything west of the intense red shading, means that the Moon will rise during the eclipse.
Where the Eclipse will be visible from.
In addition, Uranus will be a degree away from the eclipsed Moon. Check it out!
October 13: The Moon reaches its shallowest northern declination at +18.5 degrees.
October 14: Comet C/2012 K1 PanSTARRS may reach magnitude 5.0 for southern hemisphere observers.
October 19: Comet C/2013 A1 Siding Spring passes just 7′ from the planet Mars. The Globular cluster NGC 6401 also lies nearby. The comet’s periareion (Periapsis on Mars) will be from 138,000 – 141,000 km from the surface of Mars. It will reach periareion at 18:28 UTC. To compare the distance, Mars’ outer moon, Deimos orbits at 24,000 km from the planet. It’ll be pretty far away, but on the surface of Mars, it will have a brightness of magnitude -6. That means it will appear to look as bright as Venus from Earth. Check it out!
Path of Mars and Comet Siding Spring
October 22: The Orionid meteor shower will peak at approximately 5:00 UTC. It will be best viewed in the Americas. It will be good, since the Moon is at a waning crescent phase.
October 22: The Moon will occult Mercury in Australia 24 hrs prior to New Moon.
October 23: A partial solar eclipse will take place. It will be visible in North America. It’s greatest eclipse will take place North of Nunavut, at 21:46 UTC. Make sure you get proper eye protection to see the solar eclipse. Don’t miss it!!
Path and Visibility of the Eclipse.
October 25: The Moon will occult Saturn for the Northern Atlantic at approximately 15:43 UTC.
October 25: The Moon will reach its shallowest southern point for 2014, at a declination of -18.6 degrees.
Here are the astronomical events occurring in the month of July: (All times are given in UTC format)
July 4: Earth reaches Aphelion, which is when the Earth is farthest from the sun along its orbit. It will take place at 2:00 with a distance of 152,098,232 km.
July 4: At 3:00, Pluto reaches opposition.
July 5: 1 Ceres and 4 Vesta are 10 arcseconds apart, which means they appear to be REALLY CLOSE to each other! Check it out. It will be at the constellation Virgo.
July 6: The Moon will occult Mars at ~1:21. It is best viewed in South America.
July 8: The Moon will occult Saturn at ~2:25. It is best viewed in Argentina and Chile.
July 12: Mercury reaches maximum elongation at 20.9 degrees west of the Sun. It will be shining at a magnitude of +0.4.
July 12: The Full Proxigean Supermoon will occur in 2014 at 11:27. It reaches the Full phase 21 hrs before reaching its perigee. This is the first of three supermoons this year.
July 20: Asteroid 451 Patientia will occult a +7.1 magnitude star at approximately 17:15. It is best viewed in South Africa.’
July 28: The moon reaches its farthest apogee for 2014 at 3:28. The moon will be 406,568 km from Earth at that time.
July 30: Asteroid 103 Hera occults a +6.1 magnitude star at approximately 1:11. It is best viewed in west Africa or central South America.
July 30: The Southern Delta Aquarids Meteor shower will peak at this time. The timing is variable, but there is a waxing Moon, which means it will set early for the meteor shower. The Moon will be four days from its New phase.
To all my readers, from now on, to keep these monthly updates international, I will no longer be advertising RASC Toronto Centre Events. I’m sorry if this has inconvenienced anyone.
Here are the astronomical events occurring in the month of May: (All times are given in UTC format)
May 3: For viewers in North-West Brazil and Peru, at approximately 9:17 am, asteroid 105 Artemis will occult a +7.7 magnitude star.
May 4: For viewers in Peru and Ecuador, at approximately ~10:12, asteroid 34 Circe will occult a +7.4 Magnitude star.
May 6: The closest lunar apogee will occur at 10:23 with the moon being 404,318 km distant from Earth.
May 5-7: The Eta Aquarid meteor shower will peak. This meteor shower started at April 19, and end on May 28, but the most meteorites you will see will be on May 5-7. This meteor shower is made up of the remains of Halley’s comet. The first quarter moon will be present at the beginning of the night, but after 12 pm, it will set and the sky will become dark enough to view the meteor shower. While, they can come from anywhere, their origin will usually be from one point, and in this case, it is from the Aquarius constellation. Comets will leave gas behind when it ejects gas. That dust is scattered about its orbit, and when the Earth intersects with the comet’s orbit, then more of the comet dust will enter the atmosphere, and form a meteor shower. Since they are orbiting the same direction, it appears to all come from one point in the sky. That is called the radiant. This dust is how meteor showers occur.
May 7: For Australia and Indonesia, asteroid 206 Hersilia occults a +7.5 magnitude star at approximately 17:49.
May 10: Saturn reaches opposition. It is shining with a magnitude of +0.1. It’s rings are tipped over a maximum of 23 degrees into our line of sight on February 11th, and will widen overall in 2014.
May 13: A double transit event will take place on Jupiter from 9:20 – 9:32 visible from North-west North America.
May 14: The moon will occult Saturn on approximately 12:18. This will be visible in Australia and New Zealand.
May 24: A meteor shower may occur here thanks to Comet 209P LINEAR.
May 24: For South America, Asteroid 33 Polyhymnia occults a +5.5 magnitude at approximately 8:30.
May 25: Mercury reaches maximum dusk elongation, 22.7 degrees east of the sun. This is Mercury’s best evening apparition for 2014 for northern hemisphere viewers.
RASC Toronto Centre Events (These times will be written as EST or EDT)
May 3-4: the AstroCATS will take place. It is a trade show that features seminars, guest lecturers, exhibitions, and many other events. There is also a special hotel accomodation for the guests. It’s going to be fun.
May 5 – 8: RASC will be hosting a city star party at either Bayview Village Park or at High Park. These parties are dependent on the weather, and a window is set for the party. If a night is clear, RASC gives the GO call and the party will take place that day. If a NO GO call is given, the party is postponed until the next day when another GO/NO GO Call is given. If all the days in the window were given a NO GO call, then the party is cancelled for the month, and will try again next month. If a GO call is given, guests start setting up their telescope at around 7:30 pm. Go to rascto.ca for more information and for the GO/NO GO call. It’s free to attend for the whole public.
Wednesday, May 7: Marshall L. McCall, who works at York University’s Department of Physics and Astronomy will talk about the arrangement of galaxies all around us and how that affects us. It will take place at the Ontario Science Centre. It is free to attend, and everyone can attend.
May 21: It is RASC’s Recreational Astronomy Night. It will take place at the Ontario Science Centre from 7-10 pm. Parking is free after 6 pm. There will be four speakers: Francois van Heerden will discuss the sky this month. Jason Toliopoulos will discuss Astronomy for dummies… by dummies. Francois van Heerden will give an update by the RASC board of directors. Lastly, Paul Mortfield will give tips to help us bring astronomy to people at star parties. It is free to attend, and anyone can attend.
May 24-25: Members have the opportunity to work at the E.C. Carr Observatory. This is the Carr Observatory Spring Work Party. It’ll allow you to get hands on experience in working at an observatory. There is room for everyone there. It is for members only, but members can attend for free. It is at Blue Mountain. Go to rascto.ca for more details.
On May 26-29: RASC will be hosting a Dark Sky Party at the Sault Lake Conservation Area. At this party, it will be dark enough to view the faintest objects in the sky, such as M51, Andromeda Galaxy, and many other Deep Sky Objects (DSO’s). This event is weather dependent, therefore go to rascto.ca for the GO/NO GO call. It is free to attend, and everyone can attend. Telescopes not mandatory.
Here are the astronomical events occurring in the month of April: (All times are given in UTC format)
April 8: Mars reaches opposition with a magnitude of -1.5.
April 12: Venus and Neptune come to a close conjunction with both planets being 0.7 degrees apart at 2:00 UTC.
April 15: A total lunar eclipse will occur at 7:47. It will be visible in the Americas.
April 17: The Moon will occult Saturn at ~7:19. It will be visible in South America.
April 29: An Annular Solar Eclipse will occur at 6:05. It will be visible from Australia, and from the South Indian Ocean. It will also be a unique, non-central eclipse.
RASC Toronto Centre Events (These times will be written as EST or EDT)
April 2: Dr. Amy Shaw, from York University, will speak about the OSIRIS-REx mission and its target asteroid Bennu. It will take place at the Ontario Science Centre. Parking is free after 6 pm, and it is free for the public.
April 5: There will be a Solar Observation Event at the Ontario Science Centre. It is free for the public. Go to http://www.rascto.ca for the GO/NO GO call.
Monday April 7 – 10: There will be a City Star Party, where people can look at the stars and planets without going outside of Toronto. A telescope is not necessary to attend. This event is free for the public. It will be located at either Bayview Village Park or at High Park. Go to http://www.rascto.ca for the GO/NO GO call.
On April 11-13, developers, engineers, and many others will take on 25 NASA-designed challenges and solve them using a variety of solutions with the help of a mentor. Anyone can attend, but registration is required. To register, go to: http://spaceappstoronto.com/ It will take place at the Ontario Science Centre.
April 12: Yuri’s night will take place. It is a global celebration of humanity’s journey into space. This night takes place every April 12th. This celebrates the the first human spaceflight, and the first space shuttle launch. The party features space-related activities, such as a mix of “techno and technology at a NASA Center”, to a gathering at a bar. To find a party, or to plan your own event, go to: http://yurisnight.net/#/starter
On April 22: Joseph Ivor Silk will speak about his work in cosmology. It is organized by the Canadian Institute for Theoretical Astrophysics. It will take place from 7:30 – 9:30 and will be located at the Koffler Building at 569 Spadina Avenue, Room 108.
April 23: The RASC monthly Recrational Astronomy night will take place at the Ontario Science Centre. There will be four lectures by Chris Vaughan, Guy Nason, and Ed Treijs. This event is free and open to the public. Parking after 6 pm is free. It will take place at the Ontario Science Centre.
April 26: The RASC Member’s night will take place. This month’s theme is “Catch a Falling Star – A New Meteor Shower”. Members can only attend, but we can sign you up there. It is free to attend. It will take place at the David Dunlap Observatory starting at 5:30 pm.
April 28 – May 1: This is the window for RASC’s Dark Sky Party that will take place at the Long Sault Conservation Area. It will start at 8 pm. This event is free and open to the public. Telescope are not necessary to attend. Go to http://www.rascto.ca for the GO/NO GO calls.
Here are the astronomical events occurring in the month of March: (All times are given in UTC format)
Unlike February, where there was no New Moon, this March there will be two new moon. The second new moon of the month is a Black Moon. It is the opposite of a Blue moon, which is when two full moons occur during the same month.
March 7: Asteroid 9 Metis will occult a +7.9 magnitude star. It will be visible in Europe at 3:14 UTC.
March 9: Daylight Saving Time begins. Time to move clocks forward 1 hour.
March 10: The Waxing Gibbous Moon occults the +3.6 magnitude star Lambda Geminorum for North America in the evening sky.
March 14: Mercury reaches its greatest morning elongation at 27.5 degrees west of the Sun shining at magnitude +0.1. Mercury will look its best at this day during 2014 for observers in the southern hemisphere. It will start to descend again at this time.
March 16: A double shadow transit of Jupiter’s moons will occur from 21:20 to 21:30 UTC. This will be visible from Atlantic Canada after the sunset.
March 20: The Vernal Equinox will occur at 16:57 UTC. Both hemispheres will experience equal day and night. The northern hemisphere is heading into summer. The southern hemisphere is heading into winter.
March 20: GEO satellites will start to be eclipsed by the Earth’s shadow, during the equinox.
March 20: This is a very rare sight indeed. An asteroid 163 Erigone will pass in front of the bright star Regulus. It’s easily visible in many places unless it is heavily light polluted. During this time, the asteroid will pass in front of the star, blocking the light from the star for up to 14 seconds. It’s a subtle event, but rare indeed. This will occur at around 6:07 UTC. It will be visible for observers in Eastern US and Ontario, Canada. For Canadian and American observers, it is going to occur around 2:00 am EST. Get there early to set up, for you might miss it completely.
In addition, some might try to see if 163 Erigone has any moons. To try and find moons, one would need to be at the edge of the shadow, and look for secondary dips in light. To see the map of the shadow’s path, go to: http://www.asteroidoccultation.com/misc/HIP_49669_by_163_Erigone_on_2014_Mar_20.htm
For more information about the occultation, go to http://occultations.org/regulus2014/
March 21: The Moon will occult Saturn at approximately 3:18 UTC. This will be visible from the South Atlantic.
March 22: Venus reaches its greatest morning elongation, at 47 degrees west of the sun. This will be the best time to view Venus before starts to descend towards the sun.
March 24: A double shadow transit of Jupiter’s moons will occur from 1:08 to 1:28 UTC. It is best seen in Eastern North America.
March 24: Asteroid 172 Baucis will occult a +6.7 magnitude star. It is visible from South America at approximately 9:27 UTC
March 28: Asteroid 51 Nemausa occults a +7.7 magnitude star. It will be visible in Africa at 20:02 UTC.
March 30: The Black Moon will occur at this time. This will be the second new moon of the month.
RASC Toronto Centre Events (These times will be written as EST or EDT)
March 3, 2014 – March 6, 2014: There will be a city star party in Toronto. This event allows people living in the city to get a chance to see the planets, stars, and other celestial objects in the sky. It usually takes place in Bayview Village Park, but sometimes it occurs in High Park. Telescopes are not mandatory. Come with an eager interest to see the heavens. This event is weather-dependent though. Go to rascto.ca to look for the GO/NO GO Call the day of the event. During the days posted, there will be a GO/NO GO call. If it is a NO GO call, the event is deferred until a GO call is given. If there is not a GO call given, then the event is cancelled until next month. Otherwise, it is a GO.
March 5, 2014 – 7:00 to 10:00 pm: There will be a lecture at York University about the Square Kilometer Array Telescope. The speaker is Dr. Michael Bientenholz. Anyone can attend, and it is free.
March 8, 2014 – 6:00 – 10:00 pm: There will be a members imaging night for RASC members. This nights theme is Image Satellite Passes and Auroras. At these events, there is socialization, guest speakers, and if the weather is friendly, a chance to observe the night sky. It is free, but only for members of RASC.
March 19, 2014: There will be RASC’s monthly recreational night at the Ontario Science Centre. There will be 5 speakers talking about various topics. This event is free and anyone can attend. Parking is free after 6 pm.
March 20, 2014: There will be a public planetarium show at the University of Toronto. There, they will be teaching about the planets, and the interesting discoveries made about them. The public is welcome to the event. There is a $5 door fee to get in.
March 21, 2014: Dr. Neil deGrasse Tyson will deliver a free lecture at 8 pm at the University of Toronto. At this event, Dr. Tyson will also be receiving the Dunlap Prize for his efforts to communicate astronomy to the public. The lecture is free, but registration is required. Everyone can attend.
March 22. 2014: RASC is hosting it monthly member’s night. Before the event starts, the members socialize. After, we listen to lectures given by our members. And after, weather permitting, we watch the night sky. It’s a free event, but it’s for members only.
March 24, 2014 – March 27, 2014: There will be a window open for a dark sky party at the Long Sault Conservation area east of Toronto. In this dark sky, visitors have the chance to truly see the dark sky objects that most people don’t always see. This event is free, and open to the public. However, it is weather dependent. Go to http://www.rascto.ca for the GO/NO GO call. If there is a GO call, the event will begin at 8 pm.