Here are the astronomical events occurring in the month of October: (All times are given in UTC format)
- October 4: 1 Ceres passes 30′ north of Saturn.
- October 6: Draconid Meteor shower, which is hard to predict due to a high variability of rates and timing, is not likely to be seen due to a Full moon.
- October 8: A total lunar eclipse will occur at 10:56 UTC. It will be visible from the Pacific Rim. Here is an image that shows where the eclipse will be visible from. Anything east of the intense red shading, means that the Moon will set during the eclipse. Anything west of the intense red shading, means that the Moon will rise during the eclipse.
In addition, Uranus will be a degree away from the eclipsed Moon. Check it out!
- October 13: The Moon reaches its shallowest northern declination at +18.5 degrees.
- October 14: Comet C/2012 K1 PanSTARRS may reach magnitude 5.0 for southern hemisphere observers.
- October 19: Comet C/2013 A1 Siding Spring passes just 7′ from the planet Mars. The Globular cluster NGC 6401 also lies nearby. The comet’s periareion (Periapsis on Mars) will be from 138,000 – 141,000 km from the surface of Mars. It will reach periareion at 18:28 UTC. To compare the distance, Mars’ outer moon, Deimos orbits at 24,000 km from the planet. It’ll be pretty far away, but on the surface of Mars, it will have a brightness of magnitude -6. That means it will appear to look as bright as Venus from Earth. Check it out!
- October 22: The Orionid meteor shower will peak at approximately 5:00 UTC. It will be best viewed in the Americas. It will be good, since the Moon is at a waning crescent phase.
- October 22: The Moon will occult Mercury in Australia 24 hrs prior to New Moon.
- October 23: A partial solar eclipse will take place. It will be visible in North America. It’s greatest eclipse will take place North of Nunavut, at 21:46 UTC. Make sure you get proper eye protection to see the solar eclipse. Don’t miss it!!
- October 25: The Moon will occult Saturn for the Northern Atlantic at approximately 15:43 UTC.
- October 25: The Moon will reach its shallowest southern point for 2014, at a declination of -18.6 degrees.